Bacteria in your mouth form a sticky film called plaque on teeth and gums. If not removed, this film hardens into a crust also called tartar or calculus. A buildup of plaque and tartar can cause an infection caved periodontal disease. Periodontal disease can lead to pain, gum damage, bone loss, and even tooth loss when conditions are extreme.
Periodontics is the specialty that studies the prevention, diagnostic and treatment of periodontal diseases, such as gingivitis and bone loss. During exams the doctor will check your gums and study your x-rays in order and diagnose your condition. Your dentist determines how advanced your periodontal disease is and how much damage has been done. Your gums are looked at for bleeding and swelling. Your teeth are checked for looseness and sensitivity.
First step when diagnosed with periodontal disease is the removal of plaque and tartar deposited between your gums and teeth. This controls the growth of harmful bacteria. It also helps gums reattach firmly to the teeth. Because this procedure goes deeper than a regular cleaning, a doctor will probably numb your mouth with local anesthesia.
We have the latest technology available to treat periodontal disease. In case the patient has gingivitis, which is the swelling and bleeding of your gums without deteriorating the bone. When periodontitis occurs there is bone loss, if it is not treated immediately it can cause even the loss of teeth. Symptoms of periodontal disease are: swollen and receding gums, plaque and tartar, bleeding, sensitive teeth, bad breath, abscess formations, and dental mobility.